The Goldilocks Principle of Marketing: The Need for a Consistent View of the Consumer Journey
Marketing and advertising professionals running brands big and little around the globe are facing a similar dilemma in Consumer Journey. Mapping marketing impact and swiftly gaining insights to drive increased ROI was never easy – several of the instruments we rely upon were developed when we were primarily marketing on a handful of television networks, a few radio stations, and in local newspapers.
The challenge has only grown with the proliferation of entertainment and news options available with cable television, non-terrestrial radio, e-mail, social media, and the myriad distractions popping up almost every day.
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“We still don’t have a consistent view of the customer,” says Gartner analyst Christi Eubanks. She believes that this perspective is critical if we want to, “optimize spend, increase attention, and maximize satisfaction.” This failure to get a “consistent view of the customer” can cause significant challenges when marketers look to maximize the performance of their marketing mix.
The challenge is simple to understand but, until recently, not easy to solve. Marketers have a view of call center performance. They get reports galore on email marketing open rates. They receive click-through rates in digital and GRPs on TV. Their POS systems deliver retail sales numbers and brand tracking studies to help them assess awareness. They have net promoter score surveys to tell them satisfaction.
Marketers are managing their business by these metrics – why would a consistent view of the customer be necessary?
Let’s say your display marketing manager is laser-focused on generating online sales. Measuring display advertising performance based on its ability to drive e-commerce seems a logical connection. However, if you’re selling both on your website and in retail locations, this approach may fail to measure the impact online display has on sales at your brick-and-mortar locations.
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Without a consistent view of the customer, you may miss the insight that display advertising with coupons was converting because of their interaction with the TV campaign running at the same time.
Often marketing managers don’t have visibility or control over every consumer interaction. Therefore, it is tempting to hold managers accountable for a click, GRP, immediate sale, or something narrow and easily measured. Inertia from old methods has become a trap for some. On the one hand, marketers know that they have to be masters of data-driven decision making.
On the other side, there are real challenges to overcome if a company wants to move to a unified system of measurement that comprises the entire consumer journey.
Mark Greatrex, CMO at COX Communications, recently shared his perspective on the challenge.
In their retail stores, the COX team learned that focusing on narrow conversion metrics incentivized behavior that hurt overall sales. It failed to appreciate that their retail team members might be closing a transaction with one customer, and educating another customer about the benefits of their solutions. The focus on conversion failed to appreciate the need for customer education. They had to look at the consumer journey and meet the consumer at the point in the journey with the support that mattered most.
This shift in thinking allowed the COX team to optimize their effort to overall sales of the store rather than the short-term selling behavior of each staff member. In doing so, they increased sales overall.
COX isn’t the only company working to overcome the pernicious, limiting conclusions of siloed measurement. Leading brands are finding that the old way of measuring marketing performance is restricting overall marketing ROI and failing to uncover the hidden opportunities to leverage interaction effects between channels. Outlined here are some specific pitfalls from real-world situations.
Failing to Link Email Marketing to Overall Sales
In this company’s efforts, the e-mail marketing manager was focused exclusively on their ability to drive sales through their online store. This well-meaning team member was blasting out e-mails to chase a few more online sales. As one might anticipate, open rates for the additional emails were declining, but they were driving incremental sales to the e-commerce site.
The problem was that the majority of this company’s sales happen in brick-and-mortar locations. Unfortunately, the team wasn’t measuring the impact of e-mail on offline sales. Without a consistent view of the customer, and with a siloed focus on the immediate online sales, nobody saw that the declining open rates of the additional e-mail blasts were hurting open rates and costing the company 3X more sales than it was generating.
Inability to Link Price Promotion to Incremental Sales
This company’s brand manager could see that lowering price drove higher sales volumes. Unfortunately, a siloed approach wasn’t able to see whether this consumer would have bought at a slightly later date, at full price (and profitability). Rather than managing for lifetime value, the brand offered two-for-one promotions and turned loyal customers into buyers that were only loyal to the deal. The brand didn’t sell anymore – they only succeeded in getting consumers to pull forward purchases (pantry loading) at a lower price than they would have paid if they had optimized from a customer journey perspective. The immediate increase in sales driven by price promotions was hurting overall revenue.
Need to Tie Messaging to Lifetime Value of Customers
One credit card company had been declaring success based on the immediate take rate for their card. As many do, this company was using various offers including cash awards, airline miles, and direct appeals to the lifestyle benefits of the card.
An initial measurement of success, based on the initial customer acquisition, made it look like cash awards were the best driver of new accounts. Fortunately, this credit card company tracked conversion data from credit card offers for a year. While cash won the immediate “new card” issued contest, it was the focus on the benefits of the card without cash or airline miles that won the profitability contest. The lifetime value of customers who had responded to lifestyle messages trumped the short-term gains of creative that focused on cash awards.
On one level, it is intuitive why we would want a consistent view of consumers. On another level, we have to recognize that we have to help members of the marketing team to better understand their contribution to success. Fractional attribution that looks at the complete customer journey, applying empirical analysis can help.
In this world of fragmented media and consumer attention, those who rely on data-customer-centric, consumer-journey driven decision making will find real competitive advantage in the marketplace. Capabilities of today’s solutions generate insights in such a timely fashion that the nimblest marketers can incorporate those insights into active campaigns to drive massive performance improvements, rather than waiting for weeks or months to see results.